Mortality surveillance and civil registration are crucial components for understanding health trends, identifying risk factors, and formulating effective policies. A variety of organizations and services worldwide play a vital role in this process by collecting, curating, and analyzing mortality data. Listed Below are some of the major mortality data collection services that significantly contribute to shaping our understanding of global public health.
World Health Organization (WHO):
The World Health Organization, a specialized agency of the United Nations, stands at the forefront of global health data collection. WHO collects mortality data from member countries, producing comprehensive reports and databases. The Global Health Observatory, a WHO initiative, provides access to an abundance of mortality-related information, enabling researchers, policymakers, and the public to explore and analyze data on a global scale.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
Within the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is an important source for mortality data collection. The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a division of the CDC, compiles data from death certificates, producing the National Vital Statistics System. This system serves as a critical resource for understanding the leading causes of death, demographic trends, and disparities in health outcomes across the United States.
Within European countries, Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, plays an important role in mortality data collection. Eurostat collects mortality statistics from member states, providing a standardized and comparable dataset. This enables researchers and policymakers to gain insights into mortality patterns and variations across European nations.
Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS):
Australia’s mortality data is collected and managed by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. The ABS compiles mortality statistics from death registrations, producing comprehensive reports on leading causes of death, demographic trends, and life expectancy. This information is essential for informing public health initiatives and healthcare policies in Australia.
Major mortality data collection services play a fundamental role in advancing our understanding of global health. These organizations, through their comprehensive data gathering and analysis efforts, contribute to the development of policies, public health interventions, and research initiatives that transform and improve our world’s public health.